Quick start with Kerio Operator
Article Number: 1442 | Last Updated: Tue, Oct 18, 2016 12:54 PM
Kerio Operator is an IP PBX phone system for small to medium size organizations. For a detailed product description and feature list, refer to the Kerio Website.
This guide provides general instructions for deploying Kerio Operator and its primary features. The diagram below illustrates Kerio Operator in a typical environment. Many of the sections in this guide reference the diagram as an example.
Preparing for deployment
Kerio Operator requires connectivity with a telecommunications service provider (TSP) or Internet telephony service provider (ITSP) to place calls through the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). Prior to installing Kerio Operator, identify the type of telephone service that meets the requirements of your budget and infrastructure. Refer to the supported phone cards and tested SIP providers on the Kerio website to determine if Kerio Operator meets the requirements of the service provider you select.
To place calls through Kerio Operator, you need a VoIP phone that communicates via SIP. Kerio Operator automatically provisions phones from manufacturers including Polycom, Cisco, Snom, Grandstream, Mitel, and Yealink. Refer to the list of phones on the Kerio website to identify the type phone model that meets your budget and feature requirements.
Installing Kerio Operator
You can install Kerio Operator as a hardware, software, or virtual appliance. All installation types use a built-in operating system that you manage through the web administration. Refer to the technical specifications on the Kerio Website for the requirements of each option. For details on the installation of each product edition, see Installing Kerio Operator.
Accessing Kerio Operator
You can manage all of your Kerio Operator deployments using MyKerio, see Adding Kerio Operator to MyKerio. Otherwise, you can administer Kerio Operator directly on the network using a web browser by opening a secure connection to the IP address or hostname of your server.
The Kerio Operator Box uses pre-defined networking parameters. See Setting Up Kerio Operator Box 1220 and 3230 for details.
The Virtual and Software Appliance editions include a separate administration interface that the administrator can access directly from the operating system. This dialog includes essential features and is primarily useful when you are not able to access the web administration. Capabilities of this interface include:
Activating Kerio Operator
Kerio Operator requires the administrator to activate essential settings after the installation. When the administrator first logs in to the web administration interface, a configuration wizard opens. The wizard configures the basic parameters:
See Logging into Kerio Operator Administration for details.
After configuring the basic parameters and logging into the administration with the administrator account, Kerio Operator directs the administrator to Configuration → Dashboard. The dashboard provides a real-time overview of the system. See Using the dashboard for details.
To complete activation, register for a trial or install a valid license from the License tile in the Dashboard. See Licenses and registrations for details.
Configuring Kerio Operator on the network
To communicate on the network, you must assign networking parameters to Kerio Operator. The administrator can assign parameters in Configuration → Network.
Configurable items include:
In the example, Kerio Operator connects directly to the Internet and connects directly to the local network via a separate interface.
Upgrading Kerio Operator
Kerio Operator automatically checks for current versions and downloads the upgrade file. You can confirm the upgrade of Kerio Operator in the web administration in Advanced Options → tab Update Checker. Additional upgrade options include:
See Upgrading Kerio Operator for details.
Adding extensions and user accounts
You need extensions to enable phones to register with Kerio Operator. You can add extensions in Configuration → Extensions. Extension properties include:
See Creating extensions for details.
You can add registrations to an extension to enable multiple phones to register with the same extension. See Configuring multiple registration of an extension for details.
You can associate user accounts with extensions to enable people to access features such as voicemail, faxing, click to dial, and the call status of other people. You can add user accounts in Configuration → Users. User account properties include:
See Creating user accounts for details.
In the example, each user has their own extension.
Creating an automated attendant
The automated attendant enables callers to navigate through the phone system by keying digits into a menu. Kerio Operator interprets the caller’s input using dual-tone multi-frequency signaling (DTMF). You can configure automated attendants in Configuration → Auto Attendant Scripts.
Each auto attendant defines:
See Configuring auto attendant scripts for details.
Other features relating to the automated attendant include:
See Using PBX services for details.
In the example, the automated attendant allows callers to dial 0 for the receptionist, or dial 1 for a dial by name directory.
Connecting to a telephone service provider
Kerio Operator connects to a telephone service provider through an interface. You can manage interfaces in Configuration → Call Routing. The configuration for each interface depends on the type of telephone service.
Telephone service using PRI/BRI, POTS, or Euro-ISDN requires physical infrastructure and a hardware interface with specific configuration for each type of service. See Configuring standard phone interfaces for details.
Telephone service using a SIP provider requires Internet access. Kerio Operator uses a virtual SIP interface to connect to the SIP provider. You configure the virtual SIP interface with specific information from the SIP provider:
See Connecting to VoIP service providers for details.
In the example, Kerio Operator connects to the PSTN through a SIP provider.
Phone provisioning is the process of configuring phones to register with Kerio Operator. You can manually provision phones through a software interface, or Kerio Operator can automatically provision phones.
Automatic provisioning simplifies the configuration of phones on the network. To automatically provision phones:
Kerio Operator automatically provisions phones by default. You can customize the provisioning settings in Configuration → Provisioned Phones. Provisioning settings include:
See Configuring automatic phone provisioning for more information.
Manual provisioning is necessary when Kerio Operator cannot automatically provision the phone. Examples include softphones, remote phones, or phones that do not support automatic provisioning. To manually provision phones, you need basic information:
Kerio Operator automatically generates a password for each extension. You can locate the SIP password by clicking the keys icon in the properties of an extension.
See Configuring software phones on computer or mobile phone for details.
In the example, phones automatically provision with Kerio Operator.
Calling from mobile devices and desktop operating systems
You can use Kerio Operator Softphone to place calls from a mobile device or desktop operating system.
Administrators can enable Kerio Operator Softphone for mobile devices for individual user accounts in Configuration → Provisioned Phones → Softphones. Users can obtain Kerio Operator Softphone for mobile devices from Google Play and Apple App Store and Kerio Operator Softphone for desktop from the Kerio website. See Configuring Kerio Operator Softphone for mobile devices and Installing Kerio Operator Softphone for Windows, Mac and Linux for details.
In the example, users place calls from mobile devices using the Kerio Operator Softphone app.
Configuring and accessing voicemail
Voicemail allows callers to record a message when the receiving party is not available to accept the incoming call. The administrator can configure voicemail in Configuration → Voicemail and in Configuration → PBX Services. Voicemail options include:
See Configuring voicemail for details.
Users can manage their voicemail by dialing the voicemail PBX service and following the prompts, or by logging into Kerio Operator Softphone. See Using Kerio Operator Softphone interface for details.
In the example, users receive voicemail by email.
Configuring automated backup
You can backup the Kerio Operator configuration for restoring to another system in case of hardware failure or other types of disasters. The administrator can configure backup to MyKerio or an FTP server in Configuration → Advanced Options → Backup and Recovery. See Saving Kerio Operator configuration to FTP or local storage and Saving Kerio Operator configuration to MyKerio for details.